The National Occupational Classification (NOC) is a system used in Canada to classify occupations and job descriptions. It is a standardized system that provides a framework for organizing and understanding the various types of work that are performed in the country.
The NOC system was developed by Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) in collaboration with Statistics Canada, and it is updated regularly to reflect changes in the labor market and the economy.
The NOC system consists of a four-digit code for each occupation, with each code representing a unique set of job duties and requirements. The codes are organized into skill levels, with Skill Level 0 (zero) representing management occupations and Skill Level D representing low-skilled occupations.
In addition to the four-digit codes, the NOC system includes detailed job descriptions for each occupation, including information about the skills, education, and experience required for each job. This information can be useful for job seekers, employers, and policymakers, as it provides a common language for discussing and understanding the labor market.
The NOC system is used for a variety of purposes, including:
- Immigration: The NOC system is used by the Canadian government to assess the eligibility of foreign workers for immigration to Canada.
- Education and Training: The NOC system is used by educational institutions to develop programs and courses that are aligned with the skills and requirements of various occupations.
- Labor Market Analysis: The NOC system is used by researchers and policymakers to analyze trends in the labor market, including changes in employment patterns and the demand for various types of workers.
Overall, the National Occupational Classification (NOC) is an important tool for understanding the Canadian labor market and the various types of work that are performed in the country. Its standardized system provides a common language for discussing and analyzing the labor market, and it is used for a variety of purposes, including immigration, education, and labor market analysis.