# What is Shareholder Equity? Explanation with examples

Shareholder equity, also known as shareholders’ equity or stockholders’ equity, is a financial metric that represents the amount of ownership that shareholders have in a company. It is calculated by taking the total assets of the company and subtracting the total liabilities. This gives the net assets, or net worth, of the company, which represents the portion of the company that is owned by the shareholders.

Shareholder equity is an important measure of a company’s financial health and stability. It shows how much of the company’s assets are financed by the shareholders’ investment, as opposed to borrowed funds or other forms of financing. A high level of shareholder equity is generally seen as a positive sign, indicating that the company has a strong financial foundation and is able to withstand financial challenges.

There are several components that make up shareholder equity. The most significant of these is the company’s retained earnings, which are the profits that the company has earned over time but has not yet distributed to shareholders in the form of dividends. Other components of shareholder equity may include common stock, preferred stock, and treasury stock.

In summary, shareholder equity is a measure of the ownership interest that shareholders have in a company. It is calculated by subtracting the company’s liabilities from its assets, and represents the portion of the company’s assets that are financed by the shareholders’ investment.

## How to calculate the shareholder equity of a company?

To calculate the shareholder equity of a company, you need to first gather information about the company’s assets and liabilities. The shareholder equity is calculated by taking the total assets of the company and subtracting the total liabilities. This gives the net assets, or net worth, of the company, which represents the portion of the company that is owned by the shareholders.

Here is an example of how to calculate the shareholder equity of a company:

Suppose a company has the following balance sheet:

``````Assets:
Cash: \$100,000
Inventory: \$200,000
Property, plant, and equipment: \$500,000
Total assets: \$800,000

Liabilities:
Accounts payable: \$100,000
Short-term debt: \$200,000
Long-term debt: \$300,000
Total liabilities: \$600,000``````

To calculate the shareholder equity of the company, we need to subtract the total liabilities from the total assets:

Shareholder equity = Total assets – Total liabilities

``````= \$800,000 - \$600,000
= \$200,000``````

This means that the shareholder equity of the company is \$200,000, which represents the portion of the company’s assets that are financed by the shareholders’ investment.

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